Journal of Dental Research
The online version of this article can be found at:
J DENT RES 1996 75: 1613
A.J. de Gee, R.N.B. van Duinen, A. Werner and C.L. Davidson
On behalf of:
International and American Associations for Dental Research
Additional services and information for Journal of Dental Research can be found at:
Email Alerts: http://jdr.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts
Abstract. Various studies have shown that glass ionomers are susceptible to brittle fracture and acid conditions and that they undergo long-term changes in their mechanical properties. Little information is available on how brittleness, acid susceptibility, and long-term changes are reflected in the wear characteristics of glass ionomers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term changes in conventional glass ionomers, metal-reinforced glass ionomers (including a cermet), and (light-curing) resinmodified glass ionomers by wear experiments simulating the wear process in occlusal contact-free areas. The wear tests were conducted periodically over a period of one year. In addition, wear was determined after one year at a pH of 5 or 6, for assessment of acid susceptibility, and at a condition as found in the occlusal contact areas. All materials showed high early-wear rates which decreased significantly during the one-year test period. This long-term process may be related to a slow progression of the acid-base reaction extending over several months. At each stage, the resinmodified glass ionomers wore significantly faster than the acid-base setting glass ionomers. Most of these materials were not affected at a pH of 6.0, while at a pH of 5.0 only the conventional and the metal-reinforced glass ionomers showed increased wear. Direct contacts with the antagonist led to a significant increase in wear in comparison with contact-free wear, probably as a result of sub-surface fatigue phenomena. In view of the unfavorable wear characteristics of the resin-modified glass ionomers and the high early wear of the conventional glass ionomers, including the metal-reinforced glass ionomers, it was concluded that none of these materials can yet be recommended for use in highstress- bearing situations.
Key words: wear, glass-ionomer cements, resin-modified glass-ionomer cements, cermets, acid susceptibility.